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  • December 2022 (1)
  • March 2022 (1)
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  • November 2021 (1)
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  • August 2021 (4)
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  • May 2021 (5)
  • April 2021 (2)

    Recent developments at the Black Sea: Türkiye - Ukraine - Russia
    N. Murat Ersavcı 27 March 2024
    Two years have passed since Russia's attack on Ukraine. Despite many disadvantages and at a great cost, Ukranians are courageously defending their country in order to take their place among free nations. [More]
    The Restless Geography: The European Union, Türkiye and the Balkans
    N. Murat Ersavcı 07 December 2022
    The state of affairs in this region appears to be dominated by a lack of mutual trust which reflects on their policies. The EU officials on various occasions, directly or indirectly, keep referring to certain “concerns” regarding Türkiye in this geography. [More]
    Turkey - US Conundrum: S – 400 issue Now is the time to find a face-saving solution for all sides
    N. Murat Ersavcı 06 March 2022
    The brutal attack of Putin’s Russia on Ukraine and on its courageous people has shocked the civilized World. In the light of the flagrant violation of international rules and norms by Russia, many countries supported Ukraine, though initially, it did not really amount to much. However, on the other hand, one country, NATO member Turkey, has done more for Ukraine than most others. This was done despite being at great risk to itself. [More]
    Turkey's economy is like a sailing ship, going wherever the winds blow it
    Güven Sak, PhD 26 January 2022
    When it comes to the Turkish economy, it has always been best to take the long view. Have a look at the economic transformation of the country right after the customs union arrangement with the European Union. The country has transformed from a sleepy agrarian country to a mid-tech industrial one. This was a remarkable achievement, and it is the great shift that defined my generation. [More]
    A different Afghanistan, a different Taliban?
    Güven Sak, PhD 30 November 2021
    Remember Charlie Wilson’s War? Tom Hanks is playing the infamous Congressman who singlehandedly increased US funding for the Afghan mujahedeen in their fight against the Soviet Union. Apparently, Wilson increased it from $5 million to $500 million, with Saudi Arabia matching him dollar-to-dollar. Not bad. [More]
    Why transition to climate neutrality is more complex than you think
    Güven Sak, PhD 12 October 2021
    If you jump to 2050 directly from today, economic models indicate that the world will be fine. Technology and economic growth eventually even out the earth’s population, there’s plenty of jobs and we’re not destroying the ecosystem too badly anymore. The problem lies in the 28 years in between. It’s all about the transition to climate neutrality. [More]
    China and Turkey after 9/11
    Güven Sak, PhD 21 September 2021
    I was in my Office at the Central Bank of Turkey, preparing for a meeting with the IMF team when the first plane hit the Twin Towers. So much has changed since, and the most important aspect of it has nothing to do with the so-called “war on terror” that started afterwards. [More]
    Is the transformative power of Europe back?
    Güven Sak, PhD 13 September 2021
    Enlargement used to be the superpower of Europe. It was like the reverse of migration – instead of individuals leaving their countries and moving to Europe, it moved Europe to them. If your country accepted the Acquis, Europe was telling you that it was going to help transform your country into a European version of itself. This was a kind of empire building by consent. Then Europe lost both its interest and its ability to transform its neighbors. [More]
    The Problem with Afghan Reconstruction
    Güven Sak, PhD 24 August 2021
    After spending around $40 billion a year, the Americans have realized the futility of their efforts in nation building in Afghanistan. Nothing much has changed in the country during their twenty years trying to tame it. Afghanistan’s people still do not define themselves as Afghans, but rather as Pashtun, Tajik or Uzbek. So it’s time to “liquidate unsound positions” as George F. Kennan said about Vietnam. But why now? [More]
    Afghanistan, but without the Americans
    Güven Sak, PhD 15 August 2021
    In April, President Biden announced his decision to leave Afghanistan. He was ending America’s “forever wars” in order to focus on what the Department of Defense calls a “near-peer adversary,” by which it means China. So no more counterinsurgency. No more street battles, no more winning “hearts and minds.” [More]